Zinc Oxide Plant Photo - We recently acquired a postcard dated 1907 (below) which shows the Zinc Oxide plant located above the New Hartman Mine. The buildings are partially dismantled and muslin bags are show strewn on the ground in the area where the bag room was previously located. Special tanks to Alex Stauffer for spotting this find on ebay. The Zinc Oxide plant was operated by the Friedensville Zinc Company from the mid 1880s until shortly before the mines closed in 1893.
Colesville Miner's Cemetery - We have been able to visit the site of the Methodist Episcopal chapel which was established by Dr. Henry Clemens in 1863 to serve the needs of the Cornish miners who worked for Lehigh Zinc Company. The chapel disappeared many years ago, but a small cemetery remains in derelict condition. The chapel operated with a pastor until 1877. The property is located in Upper Saucon Township near the corner of Oakhurst Drive and Old Bethlehem Pike. The cemetery is now owned by the nearby Assumption BVM Church (Roman Catholic), however, it is not currently maintained and, therefore, effectively abandoned. Working with mine historians Pat and Mike Kaas of Arlington Va we have now been able to identify all seven individuals who are buried in the grave yard, including one miner who fell 90 feet down a mine shaft to his death in 1872. More information on the cemetery is now available on the Find A Grave website including links to family trees (Cemetery ID 2764477). The cemetery is identified as Methodist Cemetery, Colesville, Lehigh County. The button below will take you to a document with the family stories of the individuals at rest in this small graveyard. The slideshow below the button shows a few of the better preserved headstones and a marker indicating that the cemetery was last restored by a Eagle Scout troop in 2000. Also included is a photo of one of homes which was part of the miner settlement once located along a dirt road above the chapel and cemetery:
Nut From the President Engine - Ken Cox, a retired New Jersey Zinc Company mine manager, recently informed us of an artifact from the President Engine in his personal collection. Many years ago, Ken acquired a chrome plated nut from the engine which is inscribed on one of the flats with the following description: "Relic From President Engine Designed 1868 Built 1870 Dismantled 1900". On another of the nut's flats, the description reads "Souvenir From Friedensville Zinc Mine Plated By Tony Sciarra April 8, 1940"
Discovering the President's Flue Tunnel - When a sinkhole opened up in May 2023 above where The President's Engine boiler house was located, significant remains of the boiler system were discovered. The most significant finding was a large tunnel which was the flue connecting the boilers to the chimneys located at each corner of the engine house. The sinkhole was quickly backfilled, but not before we captured a record of what was uncovered. It is clear that we could learn much from non-invasive studies to determine the extent of the underground steam system and features. The button below will take you to the report on these findings.
Tunnel from Tavern to Triangle Mine - During a recent presentation to the Molinari Oswald accounting firm a door to the Tavern Lot mine workings and the Triangle or Three Corner Mine was rediscovered. The door is not accessible as the modern electrical panels cover most of the door. Prior to Molinari Oswald occupying the building it was a restaurant, inn and tavern dating back to the 1840s. We believe the door dates to the 1850s when Samuel Wetherill owned both the mine pit and the tavern. The door and tunnel provided a quick commute for the miners from work to the bar stool!
Artifacts - In advance of the construction of Center Valley Parkway in the late 1990s, archeological studies were conducted on and near the Friedensville Mines with a focus on Indigenous American cultural artifacts. While various stone tools were recovered, no permanent settlement sites were discovered through these studies. There has not been any organized archeological studies conducted to date on the 19th century industrial or residential sites on the property. As part of our field survey work we have found numerous artifacts of this period on the surface. A summary of these findings is included in the gallery below.
Early Mine Studies - Recently, a collection of documents, including geology studies and maps, was up for sale on eBay. These documents related to the earliest years of exploration and mining in Friedensville. The documents were from the business records of Samuel Smith, a New York based investor who was involved for a brief period in the zinc mines. These records date from the 1840s and early 1850s (the mines opened in 1853). They have been donated to Lehigh University Special Collections and are now part of their extensive collection of Friedensville materials (The Stabler Land Collection).